Research: Kinetic Architecture

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INTERACTIVE MOVEMENT IN KINETIC ARCHITECTURE by Youssef Osama Elkhayat

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INTERACTIVE MOVEMENT IN KINETIC ARCHITECTURE by Youssef Osama Elkhayat

TYPOLOGIES OF ACTUAL MOVEMENT IN ARCHITECTURE :

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INTERACTIVE MOVEMENT IN KINETIC ARCHITECTURE by Youssef Osama Elkhayat

 

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On the Move: 10 Buildings With Kinetic Elements for Environmental Control

  1. Passive House Near Paris by Karawitz Architecture, Bessancourt, France

    The double skin façade is composed of a layer of windows and a series of movable panels separated by a narrow catwalk. In addition to the thoroughly passive elements including photovoltaic panels on the roof and the use of bamboo, this kinetic system of panels modulates light and air into the interior of this passively conditioned house.

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  2. House with Balls by Matharoo Associates, Ahmedabad, India

    Concrete baubles provide the counterweight to large pivoting panels in this concrete house for an aquarium store owner. The windows swing open and allow air and light to flow through the living space.

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  3. Parkpalette In Coesfeld-Lette by Birk Heilmeyer und Frenzel Architekten, NRW, Germany

    The uniform, slatted cladding of this parking garage masks the location of the folding door when the doors are closed. However, when deployed, the doors animate a full-height section of the building.

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  4. Social Pavilion at an Olympic Shooting Range by JOFE ROCA ARQUITECTAS, Miami Platja, Spain

    This squat corten steel building sits staunchly, resisting the strong winds across the plain. The front of the building that faces the shooting range opens up with operable panels to become a social space of shelter. The scale of the building allows for a single person to be able to manipulate the façade.

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  5. F40 Office Building by PETERSEN ARCHITEKTEN, Berlin, Germany

    Rolling bands of textile shade this glazed façade. The sheer material maintains views and diffuses light to penetrate the space. The textile can retract to expose the full façade to daylighting.

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TYPOLOGIES OF ACTUAL MOVEMENT IN ARCHITECTURE :

On the Move: 10 Buildings With Kinetic Elements for Environmental Control

  1. Badehaus Am Kaiserstrand (Bathhouse) by Lang + Schwärzler, Am Kaiserstrand, Lochau, Austria

    The façade of this building decomposes on all four sides of the rectangular volume. Transforming from a closed box to a totally porous pavilion, this building is a true environmental and visual transformer.

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  2. Town House With a Folding-Up Shutter by MM++ Architects / MIMYA, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam

    The large, folding garage door of this house opens to reveal an exposed double-height living space.
           
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  3. Lofts at Cherokee Studios by Brooks + Scarpa (formerly Pugh + Scarpa) Architects, Los Angeles, Calif., United States

    The varying sizes, colors, and positions of the folding metal skin reinforce the residential program and the unique lives of each inhabitant.

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  4. Kids Pod by Mihaly Slocombe, Merricks, Australia

    Perforated wood panels fold up around this children's play building. The large gesture is a demonstrative one and transforms the pod from play to a sleeping area at night.

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Nature and Kinetic Architecture: The Development of a New Type of Transformable Structure for Temporary Applications by Maziar Asefi and Aysan Foruzandeh

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Nature and Kinetic Architecture: The Development of a New Type of Transformable Structure for Temporary Applications by Maziar Asefi and Aysan Foruzandeh

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Nature and Kinetic Architecture: The Development of a New Type of Transformable Structure for Temporary Applications by Maziar Asefi and Aysan Foruzandeh

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Nature and Kinetic Architecture: The Development of a New Type of Transformable Structure for Temporary Applications by Maziar Asefi and Aysan Foruzandeh

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Nature and Kinetic Architecture: The Development of a New Type of Transformable Structure for Temporary Applications by Maziar Asefi and Aysan Foruzandeh

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Cooling Buildings in Abu Dhabi.

Nature and Kinetic Architecture: The Development of a New Type of Transformable Structure for Temporary Applications by Maziar Asefi

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Sustainable vision of kinetic architecture by Zeinab El Razaz

There are methods through which kinetic architecture can influence building form as a result of forces either during the design process or during the operating of the building. The final impacts of these forces are seen below - 

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Alcoy Community Hall.

Alcoy Community center was built in Spain in 1995 by Santiago Calatrava. The hall is situated in the heart of the town?s Plaza Espana, site of festival of St. George and other community events. To preserve historical nature site, Calatrava created a subterranean multiuse civic hall with capacity of six hundred, ideal for civil weddings and exhibitions. Translucent glass floor panels attached to stain less-steel frames let light into the hall by day and emit a diffuse, mind glow by night that illuminates the plaza above. Above ground, a fountain, lights and an enclosed entrance break the continuity of the plaza surface to announce the presence of the underground space. Both the fountain and the entrance employ moving rod and joint mechanisms that produce the effect of veil or drape, a variation of Ernsting Warehouse and on the ?eyelid? of the planetarium in Valencia. Building on the previous cases, the movement produced here is surprising, strange and in this fountain even eerie. As with the doors of the Ernsting Warehouse, Calatrava draws on both the technological principles of his Ph.D. dissertation and on the motor-spatial investigations of his sculptural experiments. The Hypnotic movement of stainless-steel door, which reveals an entrance cavity and stairs, as well as the folding cover of the spring-fed circular pool, at the opposite end of the plaza, offer a provocative prelude to the puzzles and marvels under the pavement of the plaza. 

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Garden House by Caspar Schols

Timber and glass walls slide along runners to reveal or enclose this gabled garden shed in Eindhoven, designed and built by Caspar Schols as a hobby space for his mother.
The Garden House sits on the edge of a pond in Schols' parents' garden. It is made almost entirely of douglas fir wood and at first glance looks like a typical garden shed.
But Schols separated the inner beam-and-glass structure from the outer wooden walls and metal roof and set them on runners. The walls part in the middle and can be wheeled inwards and outwards to create different layouts.
The pavilion contains a bed that lifts out of the structure's raised decking base, and a small black wooden fireplace is set in its centre. In inclement weather, the walls can be closed to create a warm and cosy shelter with outdoor terraces on either side.
But as the weather gets warmer the outer shell is designed to be slid open to offer more light, leaving the inner glass shell to protect against any rain or wind. Doors on the east and west side of the house can be opened up to create a breeze.
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Sharifi-ha House by Next Office

Swivelling pods allow the owners of this house in Tehran to adapt to Iran's fluctuating temperatures by opening up rooms in summer, or turning them inwards during winter.
Designed by Tehran studio Next Office, Sharifi-ha House features three rooms that can be rotated 90 degrees to open up views and terraces during Iran's hot summers, and turned back to a horizontal position to keep the house warmer during the cold, snowy winters. "The openness and closure of the building is a reference to traditional Iranian houses, which offer both a winter and a summer living room," said architect Alireza Taghaboni of Next Office, whose previous projects include a concrete house with a sweeping curved facade. The three pods house a breakfast room on the first floor, a guest room on the second floor, and a home office on the third floor. Each one features a door at the side that provides access to the terrace when they are turned open, and access to the house when they are closed.
The motorised turntables that the pods rest on were made by Germany company Bumat, using a system that theatre sets and car exhibitions also rely on.

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Window transforms into balcony.

Transformable Home.

BedUp Cocoon

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Instead of folding against a wall, this space-saving bed by French furniture manufacture Décadrages can be hoisted up to the ceiling to create more room in studio apartments.

The demand for space-efficient furniture is high, with more people living alone, increasing populations and rising property costs in major cities all leading to smaller living spaces.

BedUp is available in two versions: Cocoon and Vision. Both come with optional extras that include legs to determine the sleeping height, spotlights in its underside to illuminate the space below when it is pulled up, and a range of surrounding accessories including shelving, mirrors, ladders and climb-up storage units.

It can be installed in less than a day and requires no supporting wall. Although various installation methods are available, the most common is attaching it to the ceiling, with a suspension mechanism at one end and a backboard at the other.

David Fisher - Dynamic Architecture.

Wimbledon Stadium:

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The Atlanta Falcons’ New Rose-Shaped Stadium

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Kuwait Pavillion - Seville Expo'92.

Kuwait Pavilion was built in 1991-1992 and it is a symbolic structure which was commissioned at the behest of the emirate for the 1992 World?s Fair in Seville, Spain. The roof structure is made up by mobile elements which come together as tapered fingers of two hands, or better in this case, as the leaves of two palm branches. Seventeen 25 meter long finger elements, constructed in timber and supported by hydraulically operated reinforced-concrete columns, interlock to form an impenetrable vault and then unfold to reveal the gentle barrel-shape of the 525 square meter piazza. The piazza is glazed with panels of laminated structural glass and translucent marble that illuminate the gallery bellow during the day and grow with an enigmatic inner light at night when uncovered. When half closed, the roof casts light and shadow on the piazza bellow, providing protection from the sun, like a palm shaded oasis. 

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Moving Landscapes by Matharoo Associates

The design for this transforming house in India was inspired by the fossilized landscape of Bidaser Forest that is famous for its so-called Rain Forest Brown marble. Its designers, Matharoo Associates, included an animated facade made up of sliding and spinning walls that transform it from an extremely private residence into a house that invites the surrounding landscape inside. Photographer Edmund Sumner captured these transformations, showing the way the building breathes and changes its appearance as needed throughout the day. 
The house, called Moving Landscapes, is located near the city of Ahmedabad in India. It was built for a successful real-estate developer and his family, and designed as a linear pavilion with three equal wings that meander around existing trees in order to preserve them. The central volumes house the main living quarters, while the others accommodate the private spaces. Bedrooms occupy two stories of the wings and are filled with modern Italian furniture, including a Möbius strip-shaped bar made of stainless steel.
A monolithic 15-foot-tall wall clad in stone opens to reveal the interior of the house, transforming from a continuous volume into an array of panels that rotate around their central axes to reveal the second, glass layer of the envelope. They also provide an abundance of natural light and facilitate natural ventilation. Thanks to a concealed motorized system the house fluctuates from acting as a glass pavilion to becoming a solid volume.

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Open House by Matthew Mazzotta

This house in Alabama folds open to provide seating for an open-air performance space (+ movie). Sections of the house-shaped structure designed by artist Matthew Mazzotta are hinged and unfold to reveal rows of seating inside the walls and under the roof.
Community organisation Coleman Center for the Arts and local residents teamed up with Mazzotta to demolish a derelict house in the centre of York, Alabama, and repurpose its materials and site for new public space - an amenity lacking in the town. 
The new structure sits on the same plot as the original house and is built on top of reclaimed railway sleeper foundations. The project was completed seven months after the idea was initiated. Opening along the top ridge in five sections on each side. Hinges are located along the ground and seams halfway down the sides of the roof. The large sections are lowered down in two stages and each requires a few people to move them at a time
Once fully unfolded, five rows of seating in three lines face an open area that can be used for film screenings, musical performances and town meetings.

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Caja Oscura by Javier Corvalán

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"The roof of this house in Paraguay can be lifted open like the lid of a box. Located in the countryside outside capital city Asunción, the house was designed by Paraguayan architect Javier Corvalán as the holiday home of a film-maker.

To raise the roof of the house residents simple wind a manual winch, causing the rectilinear structure to tilt open and reveal the kitchen and living room housed inside."

The house though having minimalistic movement, still has kinetic aspects, which made me rethink my project and come up with a simple design.

 

13 Square Metre House.

13 Square Metre House.

"Studiomama has overhauled this tiny single-storey house in north London with adjustable plywood furniture including a fold-out bed, a standing desk and extendable dining benches with pink cushions. 

Studiomama co-founders Nina Tolstrup and Jack Mama bought the former mini-cab office building, which measures just 13 square metres, in an auction as a challenge to make a tiny space comfortable for living.

Tolstrup and Mama took pointers from the design of small caravans and boats to develop a scheme that packed a lot into a little space. The aim was to make a flexible living space that appears larger than its minuscule square meterage to create what "might be London's smallest house".

Described as cabin-like, the residence features custom-made sections of plywood furniture that slot around the perimeter of the 13 Square Metre House to create a cohesive interior.

Each unit hosts a different function, including a bed, a work space, lounge seats, a kitchen, bathroom, closet storage and dining area."

I liked this design because I thought it was a very smart way of using the limited amount of space given. The house provides space for the basic necessities of everyday life which I think is more than enough for an individual to live in. 

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